TORCH is a polysemy: a pathogen that causes congenital intrauterine infection and perinatal infection that causes perinatal malformation. It is an abbreviation for the English name of a group of pathogenic microorganisms.
TORCH infection is one of the important factors that seriously harm the health of newborns. It can cause multiple organ damage and a series of serious sequelae.
1. Toxoplasma (TOX):
Toxoplasma gondii--destroy the brain, heart, fundus, resulting in decreased human immunity, suffering from various diseases.
2. Rubella virus (RV):
RV mainly spreads through the respiratory tract. Pregnant women can make the fetus teratogenic after infection.
3. Cytomegalovirus (CMV):
Infection can cause intrauterine fetal growth retardation, microcephaly, encephalitis, retinal meningitis, jaundice, hepatosplenomegaly, hemolytic anemia, etc.
4. Herpes simplex virus (HSV I, II):
HSV usually lurks in the ganglion. It can cause fetal and neonatal morbidity.