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The Defination of TORCH

May 08, 2018

TORCH is a polysemy: a pathogen that causes congenital intrauterine infection and perinatal infection that causes perinatal malformation. It is an abbreviation for the English name of a group of pathogenic microorganisms.

TORCH infection is one of the important factors that seriously harm the health of newborns. It can cause multiple organ damage and a series of serious sequelae.

1. Toxoplasma (TOX):

Toxoplasma gondii--destroy the brain, heart, fundus, resulting in decreased human immunity, suffering from various diseases.

2. Rubella virus (RV):

RV mainly spreads through the respiratory tract. Pregnant women can make the fetus teratogenic after infection.

3. Cytomegalovirus (CMV):

Infection can cause intrauterine fetal growth retardation, microcephaly, encephalitis, retinal meningitis, jaundice, hepatosplenomegaly, hemolytic anemia, etc.

4. Herpes simplex virus (HSV I, II):

HSV usually lurks in the ganglion. It can cause fetal and neonatal morbidity.



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